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Hotel 922 views Mar 30, 2019
SCOPE OF INDIAN TOURISM

Aryavarta, Bharat, Hindustan, though it takes several names, India has always been the land of mystery, the vast glorious land, being blessed with diverse culture and intensely beautiful landscapes. The cradle of civilization; powerful dynasties and empires by indigenous rulers; the medieval period has led to the development in the field of languages, culture, and religion. Known for its rich heritage and history, India has not only been a tourism icon for the past few decades, rather it has been a tourist spot since the British visited for trade in 1757. Considering the fact that they loved India so much, they did not want to leave it.

But what makes India, a place of interest?

PLACES TO VISIT:

Ancient India is also known as the golden era in the field of historic architecture and buildings.

ARCHITECTURAL STYLES:

Various architectural styles emerged at different periods and ages in India, it also had something to do with religions and tradition. Some famous architectural styles are:

• Buddhist architecture-monasteries like Tawang Monastery which is the largest monastery in India & stupas –Sanchi stupa.

• The classical period was mostly Monumental stone architecture.

• Rock-cut architecture led to the construction of caves.

• South Indian architecture had temples

• The Rajput architecture was popular in forts

• Mughal architecture followed Persian style, they built several tombs and masjids

• The invasion of Portuguese, French, Dutch & British introduced European style into construction like Victoria Memorial and many churches were built.

THE MAJESTIC MONUMENTS AND BUILDINGS:

India Gate, Qutub Minar, Charminar, Gateway of India, Golden Temple, Hawa Mahal, Monuments Of Mahabalipuram, Jama Masjid are marvelous tourist attractions in India.

• Forts like Agra Fort, Amer Fort, Fatehpur Sikri fort, Red Fort stand tall and keep guard.

• Ajanta caves, Ellora caves, Elephant caves of pre-historic time gives us knowledge about the ancient period.

§ Pillars- Ashoka Pillar is the most famous, Fateh Burj also known as Victory Tower is the tallest minar in India.

§ India is known as the Land of Palaces as various kingdoms resided. Mysore Palace, Taj Lake Palace, Lalgarh Palace are some of the royal Mahals.

§ The mind blowing and mind boggling Taj Mahal also known as the pride and face of India located in the banks of Yamuna in the city of Agra. The Ivory-white marble mausoleum was made with cost estimation of 32 million Indian rupees which is not only one of seven wonders but also the symbol of love. It has 7–8 million visitors per year.

• The statue of Unity unveils as the world’s tallest statue and Shiv Smarak (or) The Chhatrapati Shivaji Memorial, an upcoming monument under construction will also pave way for the development in the scope of tourism in India.

AWE-INSPIRING TRADITION AND CULTURES:

From Kashmir to Kanyakumari, every state has different traditions, ethnic wear, types of ornaments and jewelry and each follows a unique culture much different than the other.

COLORFUL FESTIVALS:

Since people in India follow different religions, people celebrate various festivals like Diwali-popularly known as the festival of lights, Eid-ul-adha, Ganesh Chaturthi, Christmas, Navaratri, Holi, Pongal, Bakr-eid and many more.

TEMPLES AND PILGRIMAGE PLACES:

While the north is known for palaces, forts, and pillars, the South Indian territory is known for its popularity in temples. The Meenakshi temple, Brihadesvara Temple built by Rajaraja Chola are some of the grand temples of the south. In the north we have the Sun Temple and Lotus Temple are extra-ordinary temples that attract visitors.

THE BREATHTAKING GREAT HIMALAYAS:

The Himalayan range has a length of 1,400 miles and an average elevation of 20,000 ft. The Himalayas also have the highest peaks in the world and Earth’s highest mountain “The Mount Everest”, having an elevation of 8,848 meters (29,029 ft)

CLASSICAL, FOLK DANCE FORMS AND YOGA:

Every state in India has a huge number of dance forms. Bharatanatyam from Tamil-Nadu is the most famous dance form all over the world, other classical dances are Kathak, Kuchipudi, Odissi, Kathakali, Sattriya, Manipuri and Mohiniyattam. The famous folk dances are Fugdi, Dandiya raas, Bhangra, and Ghoomar. Indians were the first to introduce the concept of Yoga several thousands of years ago. Many yoga centers draw the attention of tourists.

BEACHES:

Surrounded by three great water bodies: The Arabian Sea, Bay of Bengal and The Indian Ocean, India has several beaches. Marina Beach having a length of 13 km is the second largest beach in the world. Some of the most visited beaches are from Goa-Palolem, Agonda, Arambol and Kerala-Varkala Beach and many others.

RELIGIONS AND CUSTOMS:

India is the home of different religions. ”Unity in diversity”-is a term very well known to describe the togetherness even in the differences. Hinduism being the majority, Islam, Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism, Christianity are other religions that are followed.

INDIAN CUISINE:

There is no substitute for desi Indian food with various spices and recipes having desi tadka. ”Briyani”-originated from Persia and brought to India by the Mughals has a great demand and craving all over the world. Butter chicken, chicken tikka masala, palak paneer, malai kofta, chole, and South Indian meals are some other food that is quite famous.

WEDDING RITUALS:

Due to various religions, customs and traditions, the wedding rituals have also caught attention by the tourist.

IMPACT OF TOURISM IN REVENUE AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT :

The future of Indian tourism is increasing year by year. India offers many tour packages to its visitors. India shows exponential growth in the tourism industry because of the support given by the government.

Different segments of Tourism are available:

1. Eco-Tourism:

There are numerous Botanical and Zoological Gardens in India, which are working towards the enhancement of the Ecosystem.

· Lalbagh Botanical Garden, Bangalore

· Government Botanical Gardens, Ooty

· Semmozhi Poonga Botanical Garden, Chennai

· National Zoological Park -Delhi, New Delhi

· Rajiv Gandhi Zoological Park -Pune, Maharashtra are a few famous botanical and zoological gardens in India.

2. Health Tourism:

Medical tourism is a growing sector in India. Indian system of Medicine has attracted tourist in great numbers. The Ayurveda, Siddha System, Unani, Yoga, Naturopathy, and Homoeopathy use natural herbs and remedies that cures so many diseases without any side effects and naturally.

3. Adventure Tourism:

A thrill seeker will be spoilt for choice in India. From a snow leopard trail in the Hemis National Park in Ladakh to a motorcycle tour to Gurudongmar, the highest lake in India, and even an entertaining rickshaw challenge across the country makes tourists get excited. Trekking in Ladakh, Motor Bike Expeditions in Leh-Manali Highway, River rafting in Uttarakhand, Hot Air Ballooning in Jaipur and Lonavala, Scuba Diving in Goa and Andaman and the Nicobar Islands, Wildlife Safaris and Camping are best ways to have an adventure tour in India.

4. Cultural Tourism:

The most popular states in India for cultural tourism are:

· Rajasthan

· Tamil Nadu

· Uttar Pradesh

· Uttaranchal

5. Heritage Tourism:

India’s rich heritage is amply reflected in the various temples, palaces, monuments, and forts that can be found everywhere in the country. This has led to an increase in India’s heritage tourism.

6. Wildlife Tourism:

The wildlife attractions of India are colossal and worth appreciating. Indian wildlife preserves a number of endangered and rare species. Jim Corbett National Park is the first wildlife reserve of India. Ranthambore National Park, Gir National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary are famous ones.

Tourism has become an important resource in the revenue and economic development of India. According to a survey held on 2017 by the United Nations World Tourism Organization, out of 323 million international tourist arrivals in the Asia-Pacific over 15.5 million were from India resulting in a tremendous increase by 6.7% from 2016 that is around 0.9 million.

The Travel and Tourism Competitiveness report for the year 2017 ranked India 40th among 136 countries. It has a great impact. Tourists from all over the world visit the nation for it’s peculiar and astonishing characteristics, which comprises of my “Incredible India”.